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PU-GEC

Peri-urbanization and Global Environmental Change

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The Project

 Project Summary

  Peri-urban Area

  Biophical Valuation

        of  Ecosystem Service

 Integrated Modelling

  Project Framework /

         Steps

  Objectives / Approach

  Case Study

     Physical

          Environment

     Socioeconomic

      Land Cover Change

      Ecosystem Service

           Evaluation

  Collaborators

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  Publication

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Socioeconomic

Last Updated: 2008-07-14

Taipei Basin is dominated by urban land use; urban densities decrease from center city toward hilly sloping areas. Owing to its close proximity to Taiwan¡¦s major socioeconomic center, the Taipei City, and the existence of major public facilities such as Taoyuan International Airport, the populations of Taipei County and Taoyuan County are growing rapidly and are becoming more urban. In just 35 years (1971-2006), the population of Taipei-Taoyuan area increased 106%, from 4.2 million to 8.7 million, which is equivalent to one third of Taiwan¡¦s population.

   Area, population and density of Taipei-Taoyuan area

Items

Taiwan

Taipei-Taoyuan area

Taipei City

Taipei County

Keelung City

Taoyuan County

Total

Area(km2)

36,006

271.80

2,052.57

132.76

1,220.95

3,678.08

Population in 1971

14,994,823

1,839,641

1,301,513

329,509

748,404

4,219,067

Population in 2006

22,876,527

2,632,242

3,767,095

390,633

1,911,161

8,701,131

Density in 2006(pop/km2)

635

9,684

1,835

2,942

1,565

2,366

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The employed population of primary industry (including agriculture, forestry, fishery, and stock raising) was 223 thousand in 1971 and decreased to 29 thousand in 2006. On the contrary, the employed population of manufacturing industry increased significantly from 379 thousand in 1971 to 1.3 million in 2006. The employed population of service industry also increased over 3 times (from 76 thousand in 1971 to 2.5 million in 2006).

          The employed population of industry in Taipie-Taoyuan area

Categories

1971

1981

1991

2006

Primary industry

223,432

239,891

83,000

29,000

Manufacturing industry

378,863

1,039,604

1,164,000

1,302,000

Service industry

760,646

1,441,550

1,713,000

2,531,000

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The speed of the recent rural transformation in Taiwan has been most pronounced in the Taipei-Taoyuan area. According to the land use distribution of 1995, the eastern and southeastern parts of Taipei-Taoyuan area are dominated by forests. Urban built-up lands are centered on Taipei city and spread fragmentarily into the southwestern areas along the Tahan Creek. Agricultural lands are distributed mainly on the western Taoyuan County, however, it has been converted to industrial and urban uses rapidly. The study region can be considered as a representation ¡§mixed urban-rural prototype¡¨ in Taiwan.

 

Within the context of Taiwan¡¦s planning spatial system, the country is divided into two spatial domains: urban planned district and non-urban land. The purpose of delineating ¡§urban planned district¡¨ is to guide and regulate the location and intensity of land development under the Urban Planning Act. The conversion of land use in ¡§non-urban land¡¨ is regulated under the Regional Planning Act through a permit system. Within ¡§urban planned district¡¨, municipal governments exercise land use control through strict and inflexible zoning ordinances. In ¡§non-urban land¡¨, each piece of land is designated a use zone with density limits lower than in urban planned district.

Non-urban land covers three fourths of the study region in the Taipei-Taoyuan area. Approximately 72% of non-urban land is dominated by national park, slope land conservation district, forest and national forestry, which are distributed in the eastern, southern, and northern areas. The areas of general and special agricultural districts account for 16.74% of non-urban land, which are concentrated in the western part of Taoyuan county.

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